Degenerative Disc Disease​​​​​​​

After an injury, some discs become painful because of inflammation, and the pain comes and goes. Some people have nerve endings that penetrate more deeply into the outer layer of the disc, making them more susceptible to becoming a source of pain. Degenerative disc disease can lead to a chronic debilitating condition and can have a serious negative impact on a person’s quality of life. When pain from degenerative disc disease is severe, traditional non-operative treatment may be ineffective.

What is degenerative disc disease?

The discs of the vertebrae undergo the most serious age-related changes of all connective tissues. For many people, those changes are not a problem, but in certain individuals, disc degeneration leads to spinal instability – a condition that is referred to as degenerative disc disease (DDD).

What causes degenerative disc disease?

The discs of the vertebrae are gel-like cushions partly composed of cartilage that separate each segment of the spine. Over time, the water and protein content of that cartilage changes. Those changes result in weaker, more fragile discs that gradually deteriorate, leading to DDD.

What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?

The most common symptom of DDD is localized pain. For most people, pain is continuous but tolerable, with occasional flares (periods of more intense pain) that last a few days. DDD pain is commonly centered on the lower back, although it can radiate to the hips or legs. Symptoms are frequently worse when sitting because discs experience a heavier load than when standing, walking or lying down. Certain movements (e.g., bending or twisting) may exacerbate the symptoms of DDD.

How is degenerative disc disease diagnosed?

When a physical examination suggests DDD, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans are frequently used to diagnose DDD. Imagery tests help to confirm the presence of DDD as well as identify the location of the affected disc. Imaging studies will also help to identify other conditions that may be causing the symptoms.

How is degenerative disc disease treated?

Many patients with DDD respond well to non-operative forms of treatment such as physical therapy, chiropractic therapy, or non-surgical spinal decompression therapy. However, surgery may be necessary in other cases and/or when more-conservative management fails. Depending on the location, surgery to remove disc material can be performed from the front, side or back. When necessary, an entire disc can be replaced with an implant that helps to restore the normal disc height. Titanium implants may also be used to provide additional stability.

What is the prognosis of degenerative disc disease?

The prognosis of DDD is generally positive, although it can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the nature of the treatment. Patients who respond well to conservative methods of treatment may heal completely. For patients with more severe DDD, surgical repair can significantly improve the quality of life.

If you think you might be a victim of degenerative disc disease, don’t wait until it has a serious negative impact on your quality of life. Contact one of our knowledgeable physicians at Integrated Pain Management today.

What we offer

Our Services

PRP Stem Cell Theraphy

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an innovative regenerative therapy that leverages the growth factors in your blood to heal your body.


Besides treating headache,
Dr. Roofian specializes in treating cervicogenic headaches, a head pain that originates in the neck.

Shoulder Pain

Dr. Roofian offers a variety of treatment solutions designed to treat your temporary or chronic shoulder pain at its source.

Herniated Disk

Dr. Roofian performs a physical exam, evaluates your symptoms & may recommend a digital imaging scan to rule out underlying conditions.

IV Ketamine Infusion Treatment

Dr. Roofian designs individualized treatment protocols based on the nature of your pain and your responsiveness to initial sessions.


Dr. Roofian is a pain management specialist offering knee pain treatments for men and women of all ages in Beverly Hills, Tarzana, and Chula Vista, California.

Lower Back Pain

Dr. Roofian reviews your personal and family medical history, discusses your pain, and performs a physical examination to reach an accurate diagnosis.

Pain Management On Lien

Dr. Roofian offers healthcare services for personal or workers compensation cases on a lien. If you’ve sustained a personal or work-related injury, you might be eligible.

Our Locations

Choose your preferred location

Shawn Roofian, MD, Beverly Hills, CA
Phone (appointments): 310-926-4922 | Phone (general inquiries): 310-926-4922
Address: 8500 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 105, Beverly Hills, CA 90211

Shawn Roofian, MD, Tarzana, CA
Phone (appointments): 310-926-4922 | Phone (general inquiries): 310-926-4922
Address: 5620 Wilbur Avenue, Suite 305, Tarzana, CA 91356

Shawn Roofian, MD, Glendale, CA
Phone (appointments): 310-926-4922 | Phone (general inquiries): 310-926-4922
Address: 111 E Broadway, Glendale, CA 91206

4.91/5 |
(66 reviews)